To begin with, Indigo is an organic compound which has a distinctive blue colour, mostly associated with the denim fabric (blue jeans). Historically, indigo was aÂ natural dye extracted from the leaves of certain plants, and this process was important economically because blue dyes were once rare. The indigo cultivation started in India (India being the earliest major hub of its production and processing) after which it made its way in the Greek and Roman cultures where it was taken as a luxury and then spread to the rest of the world. It was also christened as â€œBlue Goldâ€ due to its rich colour and luxury aspect.
With a plethora of dyeing techniques there are, the Shibori technique is the one that stands out the most. ShiboriÂ is aÂ JapaneseÂ manualÂ resist dyeingÂ technique, which is used to create enchanting patterns on fabric.
The Shibori printing technique has various different from under it.
- Kanoko Shibori
Kanoko Shibori is what is commonly thought of in theÂ WestÂ asÂ tie-dye. It involves binding certain sections of theÂ clothÂ to achieve the desired pattern.
- Miura Shibori
Miura Shibori is also known as looped binding. It involves taking a hooked needle and plucking sections of the cloth. Then a thread is looped around each section twice. The thread is not knotted; tension is the only thing that holds the sections in place.
- Kumo Shibori
Kumo Shibori is a pleated and bound resist. This technique involves pleating sections of the cloth very finely and evenly. Then the cloth is bound in very close sections. The result is a very specific spider-like design.
- Nui Shibori
Nui Shibori includes stitched Shibori. A simple running stitch is used on the cloth then pulled tight to gather the cloth. The thread must be pulled very tight to work, and a wooden dowel must often be used to pull it tight enough. Each thread is secured by knotting before being dyed.
- Arashi Shibori
Arashi Shibori is also known as pole-wrapping Shibori. The cloth is wrapped on a diagonal around a pole. Then the cloth is very tightly bound by wrapping thread up and down the pole. Next, the cloth is scrunched on the pole. The result is a pleated cloth with a design on a diagonal.
- Itajime Shibori
Itajime Shibori is a shaped-resist technique. Traditionally, the cloth is sandwiched between two pieces of wood, which are held in place with string.